Govt. Begum Rokeya College, Rangpur is situated in the city center. It is said to be the third oldest institutions of higher education in Bangladesh after Dhaka College and Chittagong College. Established in 1873 and within a short period after establishment, the college became one of the main centres of higher education for the inhabitants of East Bengal, North Bengal, Bihar, Purnia and Assam.
Begum Rokeya was born in 1880 in the village of Pairabondh,Mithapukur, Rangpur, in what was then the British Indian Empire and is now Bangladesh. Her father, Jahiruddin Muhammad Abu Ali Haidar Saber, was a highly educated zamindar (landlord).